Biochar is produced by pyrolysis of biomass or wood, that is, its slow burning with limited oxygen access. At a temperature of 300-500 degrees, wood tar is not burned completely and covers charcoal pores with a thin layer. Cured tars have the ability to ion exchange, i.e. the ion of any substance is easily attached, and then firmly retained and not washed out even by rains. But the substance so firmly held by the surface of the charcoal is easily assimilated by plant roots or hyphae of mycorrhizal fungi. It turns out that the bacteria-symbionts living in the soil and on the roots of plants, give out enzymes that can dissolve fertilizers and minerals. The resulting ions are captured and retained by the biochar tar, and plants, as necessary, "remove" these ions from the charcoal by their roots for nutrition. In addition, part of the biocarp is crushed to such a size as to pass through the digestive system of the earthworm. Since some nutrients enter the soil with water of different origin, they are also captured and retained by the biochar. As a result, it turns out that the soil, with the biochar introduced into it, is able to feed plants practically without fertilizers or with a minimum amount of fertilizers.
Biochar is extremely porous: some research works assert that it has a surface area of about 800 square meters a gram. Thanks to this structure it has a great adsorption capacity. For example, some studies of Biochar demonstrates that 1 kg of the material can hold 1.580 kg of water. Just imagine, how many benefits has an amendment with such physical characteristics
Increases water retention in dry soils;
Decreases need for fertilizer;
Provides alteration of soil physical-chemical properties (ph, decreased bulk density);
Provides microbial habitat;
Indirectly effects on mycorrhizae fungi through effects on other soil microbes (Mycorrhization helper bacteria-produce flavonoids beneficial to germination of fungi spores);
On the other side, Biochar is of increasing interest, because it can be used as a tool to slow global warming. It works like that: Excess of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is the main contributor to global warming. But Biochar, as stable solid and rich in carbon content, is able to be used as a cage to lock carbon in soil. Since Biochar takes centuries to decompose, the carbon is safety hidden away for ages. Nature Magazine recently reported that soil treated with biochar sequesters as much carbon per square km as a tropical rainforest. That really sounds like a win solution in the climate change arena.
However, biochar is not an innovation at all. When fires burned freely across the North American prairies, they left behind charred material that helped form the region's dark, fertile soils. In South America, pre-Columbian Indians used slash-and-char practices to clear land for farming, which incorporated large amounts of char into the highly weathered soils of the Amazon. This char became a key building block in the development of the rich "terra preta"-or black earth-that sustained agriculture in the Amazon for more than 1,000 years.
All in all, this powerful soil amendment can be a significant tool to increase food security and crop diversity, particularly in areas with depleted soils, limited organic resources and scares of water.
The most modern equipment is used for loading biochar
For you, we will pick up any necessary packaging, and carefully pack the biochar
Packed in polypropylene bags and / or big-bags. Any other packing on request
The Biochar is one of the most effective fertilizers available today, as it stops the process of soil degradation and is chemically inert, that is it doesn't interact with surrounding chemical elements. Due to this, it does not break down in the soil for many years and does not change the composition of useful nutrients and microelements. The main property of the biochar is porosity, which allows retaining water and nutrients. This property is especially important for arid regions. In addition, the biochar is an adsorbent; it absorbs various heavy metals, contributing to the improvement of soil quality. Besides, the biochar is absolutely harmless to humans and the surrounding world, does not require protective agents during use, does not have an unpleasant odor, and is also convenient and safe to transport. All these factors make it possible to say that the biochar is not only effective, but also a safe and environmentally friendly analog of modern fertilizers.