The coffee tree can grow up to 12 metres; however, in order to facilitate the harvesting and maintenance, plants are generally pruned to a height of 2-3 metres. The average lifespan of the tree is between 30 and 50 years, although the production cycle ends on average at around twenty years; flowering occurs 1-2 times a year and is connected to the rainy season. The fruits ripen 7-9 months after flowering.
The most widely cultivated species are known as Arabica and Robusta.
UTZ and Rainforest Alliance Certifications